Windows uses two types of file systems: FAT and NTFS. In computing, a file system is a method for storing data and making it easy to find and access. Regarding the performance of FAT and NTFS, FAT performs better on smaller volumes, but NTFS out-performs FAT on larger volumes, beginning around 500MB.
NTFS, short for New Technology File System, is the most secure and robust file system for Windows. It provides security by supporting access control and ownership privileges, meaning you can set permission for groups or individual users to access certain files. This can thus be used to restrict access to content hosted on personal space.
NTFS has several key features. It supports compression of individual files and folders which can be read and written to while they are compressed. It’s a recoverable file system, meaning it has the ability to undo or redo operations. It also supports Macintosh files. The NTFS 5.0 file system can also automatically encrypt and decrypt file data as it is read and written to the disk. It will put restrictions the file/folder/drive you have selected. For instance, if you’ve selected a folder inside your drive, it will put restrictions only on that selected folder and possibly any files those are inside of it. Those who can access the drive depend on the permissions you’ve set.