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 »  Home  »  Troubleshooting  »  Windows XP FAQ C
Windows XP FAQ C
By  Super Admin  | Published  02/27/2005 | Troubleshooting | Unrated
Windows XP FAQ C Page 1

This information courtesy of Kellys Korner XP

Cabinet Files - Restore

From Start, Run, type "msconfig" without the quotes. Click the expand button lower right. You can then expand and extract to any location.  Detailed version:

1. Click Start, and then click Run.
2. In the Open box, type "msconfig" (without the quotation marks), and then click OK.
3. Click Expand File.
4. In the "File to restore" box, type the name of the file that you want to restore.
5. In the "Restore from" box, type the path to the Windows XP .cab file from which you want to restore the file, or click
    Browse From to locate the Windows XP .cab file.

    NOTE: The Windows XP .cab files are stored in the I386 folder on the Windows XP compact disc (CD).

6. In the "Save file in" box, type the path to which you want the new file extracted, or click Browse To to locate the folder
    that you want.
7. Click Expand.
8. In the System Configuration Utility dialog box, click OK. If you are prompted to restart the computer, click Restart.

Description and Explanation of a Cabinet File

Cab Files Treated as Folders

XP treats Cab files like folders, to stop this type regsvr32 /u cabview.dll at the command prompt (Start/Run/CMD)
To reverse it type regsvr32 cabview.dll.

Cab Files Install and Relocate

1. Insert your windows XP CD.
2. Click on, Perform Additional Tasks.
3. Click on, Browse this CD.
4. Look for the I386 folder, right click on the folder and copy.
5. Get into, My Computer and create a unique folder.
6. Right click on your new folder and paste.

Then alter the source path: Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup

In the right pane, double click SourcePath and type in exactly, the path to where the cab files can be found. (The folder to where the cab files have been copied to). Registry, exit.

Caps - Show File and Folder Names Using the Correct Case

Some versions of Windows will attempt to adjust the capitalization of files and folders that are in all uppercase to make them more visually pleasing. For example, if you create a folder named "C:\ALLINCAPS" Windows will actually display it as "C:\Allincaps". This feature can be disabled using this tweak.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called "DontPrettyPath" and set it to equal "1" to display the file using their original capitalization or "0" to adjust the caps.  Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Cdaudio.Exe

Cdaudio.exe May Cause an Error Message

CD - Backup

HOW TO: Back Up Information to a CD
Recorded CD-ROM Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable

Q:  Will XP Pro allow me to back up various files and folders daily be adding only newer or changed files or do I have to
      copy the entire folder each time I back up?
A:  You will need to use packet writing software to format the CD-R/W first. Common packet writing programs are the latest versions of Direct CD (bundled with Easy CD Creator and is not available as a stand alone program but can be install as such www.roxio.com ) InCD (available as a stand a lone program from www.nero.com ) DLA ( comes bundled with the retail version of RecordNow Max or Click n Burn from http://www.stompinc.com/index.phtml?stp  it is available as a stand a
lone product only if you own an HP writer and can be downloaded from the HP site).

XP's native burning software is mastering software. You can not do a one step write to a CD. You must send the file to a caching area and then select the option to Write to CD. You also can not save directly to the CD Writers drive letter. You need to save to the location of the cache. It is found here "C:\Documents and Settings\<log on name>\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\CD Burning" By using the Tweakui for XP Powertoy you can relocate the CD Burning directory to a more readily accessible location. Harry Ohrn MS-MVP [Windows XP]

CD - Files Ready to be Written to the CD (message box keeps appearing)

Default storage is here: Documents and Settings\<username>\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\CD Burning

If you are using TweakUI, go to My Computer/Special Folders see what is set for CD Burning. Make sure it is set to a folder and not a drive.

When the balloon appears: There are two commands to the left of the displayed files. One is Copy to CD and the other is Delete Temporary Files.

If you click Delete Temporary Files, the files listed in the box will disappear. This will not erase the files from your hard drive, it simply removes them from being copied to the CD.

CD-CD-RW

CD-R Drive or CD-RW Drive Is Not Recognized As a Recordable Device
HOW TO: Erase Files From a CD-RW Disc

CD-Rom

CD-Rom and DVD Articles and Burning Issues

You cannot view the files on a CD or DVD in Windows Explorer:

Close Windows Explorer. Go to Start/Control Panel/Double click System/Hardware/Device Manager. Expand DVD/CD-ROM. Click the appropriate device, and then click Uninstall on the Action menu.

When you are prompted to confirm that you want to remove the device, click OK. On the Action menu, click Scan for hardware changes. Quit Device Manager and Control Panel.
You Cannot View the Files on a Disc After You Replace a CD-R or CD-RW Drive with a DVD or CD-ROM Drive

CD-ROM Drive or DVD-ROM Drive Missing After You Install Windows XP
"Incorrect Function" Error Message When You Access the CD-ROM Drive, DVD-ROM Drive, or CD-RW Drive
CD Recording software will cause Windows to become unstable. Windows has prevented these drivers from loading.
Recorded CD-ROM Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable
Restore AutoPlay Icon
CD-ROM Access Is Missing - Error Code 31, Code 32, Code 19, or Code 39 After You Remove Easy CD Creator

CD Rom or DVD Not Listed in Explorer/My Computer
Save the file to your hard drive. Navigate to where you saved it and double click the file. A confirmation dialog will appear when the script is done. You may need to reboot for the change to take effect.  Download.

Can't download while playing a CD or running/watching a DVD movie?  Disable digital CD playback.

CD-Rom - Explore

Right-click the "Start" button and click "Explore CD-Rom". To do this:  Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\CLASSES\Directory\shell\Explore CD-Rom
@=""

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\CLASSES\Directory\shell\Explore CD-Rom\command
@="c:\\windows\\EXPLORER.EXE /e,x:"    (Where x is the letter to your CD-Rom).

CD-Rom - Incorrect Contents

When you view the contents of a CD-ROM in Windows Explorer, you can see the name of the CD-ROM in the left pane, and the folders are displayed in the right pane. However, after you remove the CD-ROM and insert a different CD-ROM, the right pane may still display the folders from the first CD-ROM even though the left pane correctly displays the name of the new CD-ROM.

To work around this problem, use either of the following methods: Manually refresh Windows Explorer by pressing F5 or by clicking Refresh on the View menu in Windows Explorer. Or do not use Folder view in Windows Explorer.

Incorrect Contents Are Displayed in Windows Explorer

CD-Rom - Listen To CDs Without A Click

Since the advent of Microsoft’s Windows Media Player, playing an audio CD has been a click-free task. However, after installing WinXP, when you insert an audio CD for the first time, the Audio CD dialog box appears. The Play Audio CD Using Windows Media Player is already highlighted, so there’s no need to click it. But before you click OK, click the checkbox next to Always Do The Selected Action. This will restore CD playing to its former click-free glory. Click OK and the CD will play.

CD-Rom Stops Auto-playing

Control Panel/Administrative Tools/Services/Shell Hardware Detection/Return this service to Automatic.

Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ControlSet\Services\Cdrom
AutoRun = 1

Disable CD AutoPlay for Home or Pro (Line 3)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Enable CD AutoPlay for Pro or Home (Line 10)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Other Auto Play options here under (A) AutoPlay and (C) CD-Roms
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_abc.htm

If you are using TweakUI/My Computer/AutoPlay
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/pro/downloads/powertoys.asp

Restore AutoPlay Icon (Line 17)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Restore AutoPlay Handlers (Line 99)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

CD-Rom Backup

HOW TO: Back Up Information to a CD
Recorded CD-ROM Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable

CD-Rom Burning

Burning CDs in Windows XP
How to Use the Built in CD Burning in Windows XP
Compact Disc Recorded in Windows XP Is Missing Files or Folders, or Is Unreadable

CD-Rom Burning - Add to Autoplay Options

Add Your CD Burning Program to AutoPlay Actions
TweakUI/My Computer/AutoPlay/Handlers/Edit

CD-Rom Burning - Disable

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer
Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoCDBurning' and edit the value according to 
0 = Allow CDR, 1 = Disable CDR.

CD-Rom Burning - Disable Native CD burning in XP

Right click the CD in My Computer/Properties/Recording/Uncheck "Enable CD recording on this drive."
Disable Native CD Burning and Allow Limited Users Access to CD Burning

CD-Rom Burning - Allow limited users access to CD Burning:

To allow Limited User's to burn CD's, click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT. Go to:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
Look in the right pane for AllocateDASD and double click the entry. Set the value to 2.

On PRO, this is exposed in Local Security Policy under Security Settings\Local Policies\Security Options
"Devices: Allowed to format and eject removable media"

For XP Pro, you can do this by clicking Start, Run and entering SECPOL.MSC.

Go to Local Policies, Security Options, look in the right pane for Devices: Allowed to Format and eject removable media. Set this option to Administrators and Interactive Users.

Or use this regedit:  CD Burning for Limited Users

CD-Rom or DVD Disappeared

Remove the Upperfilters and Lowerfilters values completely from the following registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E965-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}

Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT Go to the branch indicated above, locate the Upperfilters and Lowerfilters values. Right click each and select Delete.

If you desire, you can right click on the {4D36E965..........} branch and select Export. This will create a REG file that can be re-imported should you find a need to.

You may also want to delete the following 4 Registry keys, as per the instructions above:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Cdr4_2K
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Cdralw2k
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Cdudf
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\UdfReadr

Or apply this manual edit:  Save the file below to your hard drive. Navigate to where you saved it and double click the file. A confirmation dialog will appear when the script is done. You may need to reboot for the change to take effect. 
CD Rom or DVD Not Listed in Explorer/My Computer

Your registry might be corrupted. (Code 19)

CD-ROM Access Is Missing and Messages Error Code 31, Code 32, Code 19, or Code 39 After You Remove Easy CD Creator : http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;;Q314060

NOTE : If you are getting a code 39 message, it may be that additional third-party filter drivers were added to UpperFilters and LowerFilters values in addition to Adaptec filter drivers. In that case, you may try to remove the non-Adaptec filter drivers first, leaving the Easy Creator filters in place to see if the Code 39 goes away. If you still receive an error code 39, 32, or 31 message, remove the Upperfilters and Lowerfilters values completely in the preceding key.

CDR-CDRW

When you attempt to record (burn) data to a compact disc recordable (CD-R) drive or compact disc rewritable (CD-RW) drive, you may not have the option to send data to the CD-ROM drive. To resolve this issue, edit the Windows registry to identify the CD-R drive or CD-RW drive as a recordable drive. To do this, follow these steps.

  1. Click Start, and then click Run.
  2. In the Open box, type regedit, and then click OK.
  3. Expand the following registry subkey:

    HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\CD Burning\Drives

  4. On the File menu, click Export.
  5. In the File name box, type backup of drives key, and then click Save .

    NOTE: You can restore this registry subkey by double-clicking the backup of drives key.reg file that you saved.
     
  6. In the left pane of the Registry Editor window, click the Volume{ GUID } folder under Drives , where GUID is a 32-character hexadecimal globally unique identifier.

    NOTE: If you have more than one CD-ROM drive in the computer, an additional Volume{ GUID } folder is listed for each drive.
     
  7. In the right pane of the Registry Editor window, double-click Drive Type.
  8. In the Value data box, type 1 or 2 , depending on the drive type, and then click OK. The drive type should be 1 if it is a CD-R and 2 if it is a CD-RW.
  9. Quit Registry Editor.
  10. Click Start , and then click My Computer.
  11. Under Devices with Removable Storage , right-click the CD-R drive or CD-RW drive, and then click Properties on the shortcut menu that appears.
  12. If the Recording tab is displayed, the drive is successfully recognized by Windows as a recordable device.
  13. Click Cancel .

    NOTE: If you have more than one CD-ROM drive, DVD-ROM drive, or CD-RW drive in the computer and the Recording tab is not displayed, an incorrect drive may have been configured as "recordable" in the Windows registry. To troubleshoot this issue, follow these steps:
     
    1. Follow steps 1 through 9 to edit the Drive Type value of the Volume{ GUID } folder whose value you previously changed.
    2. In the Value data box, type 3 , and then click OK. The drive type value of 3 indicates that the drive is a standard CD-ROM and is not writable.
    3. In the left pane of the Registry Editor window, click the next Volume{ GUID } folder.
    4. Follow steps 7 through 8 to change the Value data entry to 1 or 2 , depending on the drive type.
    5. Quit Registry Editor, and then follow steps 10 through 12 to confirm that the Recording tab is displayed in the properties dialog box of the CD-R drive or CD-RW drive.

Note that this may not work in all cases. This is only a workaround in a situation where the CD-R drive or CD-RW drive is capable of functioning in Windows XP and for some reason has been misidentified. If the drive is not on the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL), the drive may not work with the built-in CD copying functionality, regardless of this registry setting.

CD-R Drive or CD-RW Drive Is Not Recognized As a Recordable Device

CD-RW

HOW TO: Erase Files From a CD-RW Disc
Compact Disc Recorded in Windows XP Is Missing Files or Folders or Is Unreadable

Certifications

Free Practice Exams for A+, MCSA, MCSE - 70-215, 70-270, 220-302

Change Default Directory for Installing Applications in the Program Files folder:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Current Version

Name: ProgramFilesDir
Type: REG_EXPAND_SZ
Value: C:\Program Files default

Verify or Change Program Download Directory (Line 82)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Increase Internet Explorer Downloads to 10 (Line 55)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Change User Pictures

Default Pictures are stored here:

Windows Explorer\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Microsoft\User Account Pictures\Default Pictures

Restore User Default Pictures (Line 58)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

HOW TO: Add or Change a User's Picture in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;q292434

How to Add a Specific Picture

Find a picture you are interested in using and use Save As to download and/or move the picture in question to your My Pictures Folder. Then go to User Account/Change my picture/Browse for more pictures/My Pictures Folder/Choose the picture you want to use, then click Open.

Summary of an image is 48x48/71 dpi, depth 24.

Note: If you have disabled Picture and Fax Viewer by using regsvr32 /u shimgvw.dll, you will not be able to change the picture. To restore, go to Start/Run and type in: regsvr32 shimgvw.dll

How to Add or Change a User's Picture
Restore User Default Pictures

Check Disk - Disk Checking Runs Upon Boot

Check Disk runs on every boot: Note - I have seen this happen when Windows File Protection has either been disabled or not allowed to run upon canceling the bootup Check Disk.

Suggestions and Checkpoints:

Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: fsutil dirty query c:
(Modify the drive letter accordingly)

If it comes back as dirty, it hasn't cleared. For more information go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: CHKNTFS /?

Option: From a command prompt type chkntfs /D and then reboot, a chkdsk should run but not again on next boot.

This edit does not work for all users, circumstances depending:

Disable or Enable CheckDisk Upon Boot (Line 82)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

Chkdsk Runs Each Time That You Start Computer
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/q316/5/06.asp

Checkpoint:

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

Highlight the Winlogon file.

In the list look for "SFCScan", this should be set to (0) if it is set to (1) the scan will happen at every boot.

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager

Look for the REG_MULTI_SZ value with the following name: BootExecute. This value contains commands that will be executed at startup. The default value is: autocheck autochk *

After scheduling one or more chkdsks, the entry will contain one or more autochk lines. Delete each of these lines and put the default one in place.

If you always want a check to be performed at startup, change the value to: autocheck autochk /f *

If you don't want any checks to be performed, delete all autocheck entries.

Last checkpoint: Modify as needed:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MyComputer\cleanuppath
Registry entry should read: %SystemRoot%\system32\cleanmgr.exe /D %c

How to schedule a CHKDSK on every boot
Chkdsk Runs Each Time That You Start Computer After Upgrade to Windows XP

Scandisk after a Bad Shutdown - Go to Start/Run/CMD and type in:  CHKNTFS/T:4
Where 4 is the amount of waiting time.

Automating Disk Cleanup Tool in Windows
An Explanation of CHKDSK and the New /C and /I Switches

Use the scheduler and run chkdsk with the automatic switches for unattended operation (chkdsk /? will list the options for you). To open Scheduled Tasks, click Start, click All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Scheduled Tasks.  You can also use TweakUI to automatically login if you have logged off the system to allow chkdsk access.

Restore Disk Cleanup - cleanmgr (Line 84)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Disk Cleanup freezes during the Compressed File Phase: This edit correct the problem:

Disk Cleanup - Compressed Old Files Freezes (Line 48)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

How to Automate the Disk Cleanup Tool in Windows XP
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;Q315246

Classic Color Palettes

Choose among Windows XP's color palettes: Right click the desktop, select Properties, click the Appearance tab, and choose a new palette under Color Scheme. At the time of this writing, using Windows XP RC1, the only choices available other than the default blue were olive green and silver.

For a larger selection of palettes, and if you don't mind giving up the "new-and-improved" feel of Windows XP, select Windows Classic under Windows and Buttons. Now click the down arrow under Color Scheme and you'll see lots of choices. Select any one to see what it looks like in the preview area, then click OK to apply it.

Classic Start Menu

If you've been used to previous versions of Windows, you'll notice some big changes when you click the Start button. If you like the new layout, then great. But if you don't, feel free to go back to the familiar. Right click the Start button (or a blank area of the Start menu) and select Properties. On the Start Menu tab of the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties dialog box, select Classic Start Menu, then click OK.

Classic Start Menu - Force Use

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer. Value Name: NoSimpleStartMenu, Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: (1 = force classic menu, 0 = default). Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoSimpleStartMenu' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

Both edits can be downloaded from here:  http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Classic View

Click Start, Run and enter CONTROL. You should get an Explorer window with the Common Tasks pane. At the top is the option to Switch to Category view.  If you don't get the Common Tasks pane, click on the Folders button on the Toolbar.

Common Tasks View - Disable or Enable (Line 78)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Control Panel - Classic or Category View (Line 145)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

Cleaning Up XP

Unexplained computer behavior may be caused by deceptive software
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;EN-US;827315

Download each and run:

Ad-Aware
http://www.lavasoftusa.com/

VX2 Cleaner:
http://www.lavasoft.de/software/plugins/vx2cleaner.shtml or:
http://tools.zerosrealm.com/VX2Finder.exe

Spybot
http://tinyurl.com/btf8

CWShredder (Line 313)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Hijack This
http://www.spychecker.com/program/hijackthis.html

Tip:  Browser Hijack and Malware Removal Forums
http://forums.net-integration.net/index.php?c=19

How to obtain the most effective support
http://www.net-integration.net/tools/procedure.html

Spyware, Thiefware, Browser Hijackers, etc. Parasites Forum
http://forums.spywareinfo.com/index.php?s=7dc481729338294fb5d64090b77ef364&showtopic=9882

BHODemon: http://www.definitivesolutions.com/bhodemon.htm
Download: http://www.definitivesolutions.com/files/BHODemon10Setup.exe

SpywareBlaster doesn't scan and clean for spyware. It prevents it from ever being installed.
http://majorgeeks.com/download2859.html

Custom Entries for SpywareBlaster
http://mvps.org/winhelp2002/blaster.htm

Download.Ject Payload Detection and Removal Tool
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=FC84B8B5-A64D-4837-B65F-96925A514F71&displaylang=en

Free Online Virus Scan
http://housecall.trendmicro.com/housecall/start_corp.asp

This link has some of the above listed for quick downloads:
http://www.lurkhere.com/~nicefiles/

Tutorials on how to use them in detail:
http://www.bleepingcomputer.com/forums/index.php?showtutsection=38

Comments
  • Comment #1 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    excellent source of information covers everything I needed for windowsxp and all on two pages. Many thanks regards M
     
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