Windows XP A to Z - http://www.softwaretipsandtricks.com/windowsxp
Windows XP FAQ N
http://www.softwaretipsandtricks.com/windowsxp/articles/569/1/Windows-XP-FAQ-N
Super Admin
 
By Super Admin
Published on 02/27/2005
 
starting with letter "N"

Windows XP FAQ N

This information courtesy of Kellys Korner XP

Name - Change Registered Owner

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion.  In the right pane, double click RegisteredOwner and change the Value data.

Or you can use this automated script:

Change Registered Owner and Organization (Line 7)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Name and Company - For Microsoft Applications

When you install a new application, using MS Setup, a default Name and Company are shown, these values can be changed when the details have changed or are incorrect.  Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\MS Setup (ACME)\User Info

Value Name: DefName, DefCompany
Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)

Modify the two values named 'DefName' and 'DefCompany', and change the values to your current Name and Company respectively. The next time you install a program these new values will be used as the defaults instead. Note: This will not affect the registered names of existing applications, it only affects new installations.

NetBeui - How to Install

1. Insert your Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive and browse to the Valueadd\MSFT\Net\NetBEUI folder.
2. Copy Nbf.sys to the %SYSTEMROOT%\System32\Drivers directory.
3. Copy Netnbf.inf to the %SYSTEMROOT%\Inf hidden directory.
4. Click Start, click "Control Panel", and then double-click "Network Connections".
5. Right-click the adapter you want to add NetBEUI to, and then click Properties.
6. On the General tab, click Install.
7. Click Protocol, and then click Add.
8. Click to select "NetBEUI Protocol" from the list and then click OK.
9. Restart your computer if you receive a prompt to complete the installation.

     Tip:  Copy NBF.SYS and NETNBF.INI from the Win2K installation to a floppy. Remove all "CopyFile" and
              "DestinationDir" related comments from the inf. Open network connections/properties/install/protocol/have
              disk/..Add NetBeui

HOW TO: Install NetBEUI on Windows XP

Netgear - Network Interface Cards

Windows XP Support Information

NetMeeting - Run, Remove and Reinstall

Run:         Start/Run/conf.exe
Remove:  Start/Run/RunDll32 advpack.dll,LaunchINFSection C:\WINDOWS\inf\msnetmtg.inf,NetMtg.Remove
Reinstall:  To reinstall, open the Windows\Inf folder (this is a hidden folder, so you may need to adjust your Folder Options
                to show hidden files and folders. Or you can click Start, Run and enter %systemroot%\Inf). Locate the
                msnetmtg.inf file in the Inf folder. Right click and select Install. Have your XP CD handy.

     Tip:  Clear Netmeeting Call History - Start/Run/Regedit
              HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Conferencing\UI\CallMRU. Open your registry and delete the key
              mentioned. Restart Netmeeting for the change to take effect.

Troubleshooting with Windows NetMeeting Support

Network - Joining a Network

If you want to connect to a network during Setup, you must have the correct hardware installed on your computer and be connected to your network.  If you will be using a network, first determine whether your computer is joining a domain or a workgroup.

If you're not sure, select Workgroup when you are prompted during Setup. (You can always join a domain later, after Windows XP Professional is installed.) Any computer user can join a workgroup—you don’t need special administrative permissions. You must provide an existing or new workgroup name, or you can use the workgroup name that Windows XP Professional suggests during Setup.

If you select Domain ask your network administrator to create a new computer account in that domain or to reset your existing account. Joining a domain requires permission from the network administrator.

Joining a domain during Setup requires a computer account to identify your computer to the domain you want to join. If you’re upgrading, Setup uses your existing computer account; or if there isn’t one, Setup prompts you to provide a new computer account.

Ask your network administrator to create a computer account before you begin Setup. Or, if you have the appropriate privileges, you can create the account yourself and join the domain during Setup. To join a domain during Setup, you need to provide your domain user name and password. Unless you're an advanced user, it's recommended you use the default settings.

Networking - Can't connect to computers in your network

1. Click start button
2. Click "My Network Places"
3. Right-click and click on "Properties"
4. Right-click on "Local Area Connection" and click on "Properties"
5. click on the "Authentication" tab
6. Uncheck "Enable network access control using IEEE 802.1X"
7. Click "OK"

MS-MVP Steve Winograd's Networking FAQ and Answers to Frequently Asked Questions About Peer-to-Peer Networking in Windows 95/98/Me/2000/XP: http://sfwinograd.home.attbi.com/faq.htm

Networking Troubleshooter
World of Windows Networking

Adding Windows XP to an Existing Network
Windows XP KB Articles About Networking
Unsuccessful Completion of the Home Networking Wizard

How To Configure Broadband Connections Using PPPoE How To Configure Broadband Connections Using PPPoE
Automatic Configuration for Multiple Networks Automatic Configuration for Multiple Networks
Use the Internet Connection Firewall to secure your small network Use the Internet Connection Firewall to Secure Your Small Network
Set up and use Internet Connection Sharing Set up and Use Internet Connection Sharing
Use Infrared Data Transfer to connect computers and devices Use Infrared Data Transfer to Connect Computers and Devices

Network - Shares

This restriction stops remote shared folders from being added to Network Places whenever you open a document in the shared folder.  Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:  (Per user/Per system)

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer]

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called "NoRecentDocsNetHood" and set it according to
(0 = track shares, 1 = disable tracking).  Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

New Command - Add To

Create a blank document in Wordpad and Save it. Run TweakUI for XP and go to the Templates tab. Select Create. Point the file dialog to the file you just saved. Click Apply. It will be listed as Rich Text Format in the Templates list.

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Word.RTF.8.  Change the default value to Wordpad Document (default is Rich Text Format).

New Command - Add "NEW" Text file to the Context Menu.

Copy and paste the following lines into a Notepad file, ensuring there is an extra blank line at the end. Save the file as a REG file. Double click the REG file you just saved and answer yes to the import prompt.

------------- copy below this line -----------------------
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.txt\ShellNew]
"NullFile"=""

------------- copy above this line -------------------------

New Command - Clear

HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.<extension>\ShellNew sub key.  Right click and select Delete.

New Command Missing in Windows Explorer

Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\Background\shellex\ ContextMenuHandlers\New. Value Name: (Default), Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value), Value Data: {D969A300-E7FF-11d0-A93B-00A0C90F2719} Open your registry and verify that the key listed below has the value listed, and if needed, edit the value to match the value listed.

Newly Installed Programs - Disable Alert

Click Start, right-click at the top of the Start menu where your name is displayed, and then click Properties. In the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties dialog box, on the Start Menu tab, click Customize. Click the Advanced tab, and then clear the Highlight newly installed programs check box. Click OK, and then click OK again.

Newsgroups

bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.basics
bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.customize
bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.games
bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.general
bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.newusers
bullet microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support

Windows XP Newsgroups

Non-Responding Programs/Apps at Shutdown

You can tell Windows XP to automatically close all non responding windows. Go to Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop and set the value to 1.

Auto End Tasks and Wait to Kill Timeout for Shutdown (Line 76)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

This edit allows you to configure Windows so that you receive verbose startup, shutdown, logon, and logoff status messages. This may be helpful to in troubleshooting slow startup, shutdown, logon, or logoff behavior.

Startup/Shutdown/Logon/Logoff Status Messages (Line 69)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Notification Area

Chevron is missing:  For some users, setting the very first icon to Always Hide, restores the arrow.

Icons are missing or disappear, reappear: This generally happens for most Auto-Logon users.

Methods/workarounds: Log off and Log back on, password protect your account or disable SSDP and uPNP Services.

Disable SSDP and uPNP Services (Line 156)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Or if you are running XP SP1 uninstall UPnP from Add/Remove Windows Components.

Hide or Show Inactive Icons in the Notification Area (Line 53)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Remove Past Items From the Notification Area (Line 53)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Once done, Open Task Manager, click the Processes tab, click Explorer.exe, and then click End Process. In Task Manager, click File, click New Task, type explorer, and then click OK.

Classic Theme and Notification Area:

If you are using the Windows Classic theme in Windows XP, the icons in the notification area on the right side of the taskbar may disappear when you select a High Contrast scheme in the Color Schemes box on the Appearance tab.

To work around this problem, right-click a blank area of the taskbar, and then click Lock the Taskbar. Or, change the size of the taskbar, and then restore it.

Volume Control disappears in the Notification Area:

Save Settings on Exit (Line 54)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

Norton - Disable the Norton Anti Virus Splash Screen

This setting will stop the Norton AntiVirus Scanner startup logo from being shown. Open your registry and find the key below. Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, named "DisableSplashScreen" and set it to equal "1" to disable the splash screen. The next time Norton AV is run the splash screen should not be display. Start/Run/Regedit

Key: [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Symantec\Norton AntiVirus\Clinic]
Value Name: DisableSplashScreen
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = enable splash, 1 = disabled splash)

Norton - Uninstall

How to Use the Norton SystemWorks Cleanup Utility
How to Uninstall Norton SystemWorks 2002 Manually from Windows XP
How to Manually Uninstall Norton Utilities 2002 for Windows NT/2000/XP
How to Uninstall Norton AntiVirus 2002 Manually When Installed Under Windows NT/2000/XP

Notepad

Change the Default Action for Script Files. Normally scripting files are run when double clicked, once applied this
tweak will cause them to be shown in Notepad instead. This is useful to avoid accidental execution especially with the prevalence of script based viruses.

Open your registry (Start/Run/Regedit) and for each key below change the value of "(Default)" to equal "Edit". This will change the default action so that the script will be loaded in Notepad.exe (or another specified text editor).

JS Files
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\JSFile\Shell]

JSE Files
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\JSEFile\Shell]

VBE Files
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\VBEFile\Shell]

VBS Files
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\VBSFile\Shell]

WSH Files
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\WSHFile\Shell]

WSF Files
[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\WSFFile\Shell]

In addition you can change the default editor for each script type be changing the "(Default)" value under the [...\Shell\Edit\Command] sub-key.

Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Note: Scripts can still be executed normally by right-clicking the file and selecting "Open" from the context menu.

Registry Settings
Value Name: (Default)
Data Type: REG_SZ (String Value)
Value Data: ("Edit" = set Edit as default)

Notepad - Date and Time

Open Notepad and type: .LOG and then hit enter.  Close, re-open.  Anything you add from that point on with have the date and time it was amended.

Notepad Word Wrap

Notepad has an option in it that allows you to have words wrap to the next line if you begin typing too far over. One little quirk is that when you're printing, regardless of the word wrap setting, Windows and the printer will automatically wrap printed text for you based on the margins of the printer. You can change these margins, if necessary, from the Page Setup menu located within the File menu of Notepad.

Notification Area - Hide Icons

Windows XP provides a number of options for customizing what Microsoft has decided to call the "Notification Area" of your Taskbar (the area that displays the clock and a number of icons). By default, Windows XP hides any inactive icons here. But if you prefer, you can choose to hide (or show) individual icons all the time.

For example, suppose you want to keep the Volume and Synchronization Manager icons out of site, regardless of how often you use them. Right click a blank area of the Taskbar and select Properties. Under Notification area, click Customize. Alternatively, Right click a blank area of the Notifications Area and select Customize Notifications.

One at a time, select the Volume and Synchronization Manager icons, then Right click the down arrow next to it and select Always hide (in the same way, you could select any icon and choose the "Always show" option). Click OK twice, and now, an arrow appears on the edge of the Notifications Area. Click it to display the hidden icons.

Notification Area - Hidden Chevron Missing

For some users setting the very first icon to Always Hide, restores the arrow. This behavior seems to come into effect when one uses an icon on the System Tray. Also be certain that the "behavior" of each of each icon is what you want it to be. Right-click each, to make changes.

Notification Area - Icons Disappearing

This happens for most Auto-Logon users.  Three methods/workarounds: Log off and Log back on, password protect your account or disable SSDP and uPNP Services.

Automated Edit:

Disable SSDP and uPNP Services (Line 156)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Manual Edit:

Right click My Computer/Manage. Expand Services and Applications then Click on Services. A list of services appears in the right column. Scroll down to the the SSDP and uPnP Service. Right click each, choose properties. Change the text next to "Startup type:" to Disabled.

Or, if you are running XP SP1 uninstall UPnP from Add/Remove Windows Components.

Hide or Show Inactive Icons in the Notification Area (Line 53)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Tip:  Volume Control disappears in the Notification Area.  Once present, run this edit.

Save Settings on Exit (Line 54)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

To use the Regedit: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

Notification Area - Remove Past Icons

Start/Run/Regedit
Delete the IconStreams and PastIconsStream values from the following registry key:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\TrayNotify

Remove Past Items From the Notification Area (Line 53)
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/xp_tweaks.htm

Once done, Open Task Manager, click the Processes tab, click Explorer.exe, and then click End Process. In Task Manager, click File, click New Task, type explorer, and then click OK.

How to Clear Past Items from the Notification Area

Notification Area - Remove/Restrict Icons

Start/Run/Regedit:  You may need to create the key if it does not already exist.

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer

Value Name: NoTrayItemsDisplay
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = default, 1 = enable restriction)

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'NoTrayItemsDisplay' and edit the value according to the settings below. Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

NMI

Hardware that Requires the Non-Maskable Interrupt May Stop Working

NTFS

How to Use Convert.exe to Convert a Partition to NTFS
The Free Space That Is Required to Convert FAT to NTFS
Best Practices for NTFS Compression
FAT & NTFS File Systems in Windows XP
Converting FAT32 to NTFS in Windows XP

"NTFS Reader for DOS" is a freeware tool that provides read access to NTFS partitions within the MS-DOS environment. You can preview files on NTFS and copy files from NTFS to FAT volumes or network drives. Product's interface is easy-to-use. Can be run from DOS bootable floppy.

These important features allow you: Save and run from bootable floppy; Display complete physical and logical drive information; Support IDE / ATA / SCSI drives; Support large (more than 8GB) Hard Drive Support NTFS, NTFS5 file systems for reading; Support FAT12, FAT16, FAT32 file systems for data writing; Support compressed and fragmented files on NTFS; Support partitions created in MS-DOS, Windows 95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP Display non-english and long file names; Preview file(s)/folder(s) before copying; Support search by file name or mask; Display content of the file in Hex/Text mode by Disk Viewer."  Free Download.

This application allows users to read an NT File System from a DOS bootdisk!
http://www.webpromo-inc.com/bootdisksite/readntfs.asp

NTKRNLMP.EXE

Installing Just the Checked Operating System and HAL

Numlock

Use this vb script or go to - Click Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY CURRENT USER\Control Panel\Keyboard\InitialKeyboardIndicators

0 = numberlock off
2 = numberlock on

If you want the numlock on at the Welcome Screen you also need to change:

HKEY USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Keyboard\InitialKeyboardIndicators (same number values as above).

Or...

Create a Notepad file and copy the following two lines into it.

set WshShell = CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
WshShell.SendKeys "{NUMLOCK}"

Save the file with a VBS extension.  Create a shortcut to the VBS file you just saved in your Start Menu, Programs, Startup folder.