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Windows XP FAQ Q and R - Printer Friendly
Windows XP A to Z -
Windows XP FAQ Q and R
Super Admin
By Super Admin
Published on 02/27/2005
starting with letter "Q and R"

Windows XP FAQ Q and R Page 1

This information courtesy of Kellys Korner XP


Cannot Restore Backups That You Create in Windows 95/98, or Windows Me with the Windows XP Ntbackup Tool

BackUp MyPC is a powerful yet easy to use data protection and disaster recovery solution for a single computer or peer-to-peer network. Conveniently backup important files or your entire computer while you're not even around using our advanced scheduling system.

BackUp MyPC backs up to Recordable CD/DVD, Tape, Zip, Jazz, and other removable media drives and employs disc spanning and data compression which typically can double your media capacity for significant savings.


Windows XP Quality of Service (QoS) Enhancements and Behavior

Note:  In Media Center 2004 for Messenger (etc), disable QoS for headset/mic use.

Quick Launch - Icons (Arrange)

Right click the Quick Launch tool bar and choose Open Folder.  Right click in the right pane and choose Arrange Icons by.

Quick Launch - Doesn't Function Properly

Quick Launch Repair Tool and More:!.htm

Can't Create Toolbar Error Message
Restore Show Desktop Icon
Remove the Quick Launch Area *
Save Quick Launch Sort Order
Auto Add Specific Links to Quick Launch *
Set Quick Launch as Default for any new user added *

For a stand alone exe to be run as a startup script, send an email here and choose #8.  When this utility is run as
                  a "Startup script", it will automatically adjust the system Registry to "turn on" the Quick Launch bar, by default,
                  for all newly created user accounts.

Quick Launch - Icons are Large

Caption button size (Desktop/Appearance/Advanced). Also effects the Quick Launch and System tray icons.  Another option to correct it is to go back to the default XP theme, then redo your changes.

Quick Launch - Missing or you receive an error message, to correct:

This behavior can occur if the Quick Launch folder has been deleted. To resolve this issue, recreate the Quick Launch folder. Create a folder named Quick Launch at the following location:

C:\Documents and Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer

Quick Launch Toolbar Becomes A Floating Palette

By default, the Quick Launch toolbar is right next to the Start button. But if you've added so many shortcuts to this toolbar, you can't see them all, you may wish to make it a floating palette. Then you'll have instant access to these shortcuts without unnecessary scrolling.

Click the left edge of the Quick Launch toolbar, drag it out to a blank area on the desktop, and let go. (Note: If your taskbar is locked, the toolbar won't move.) You can resize the resulting palette as you would any window: Hold your mouse pointer over its edge, and when the pointer changes to a double-pointed arrow, click and drag in any direction.

To ensure that your palette is never out of sight, right-click its title bar and select Always on Top.


Cannot Back Up Quicken Files to CD

Quote Fix

Disable this option to get the Spell Checker to work automatically:
OE/Tools/Options/Spelling and uncheck "Always ignore the original text in a reply or forward". Or select the text to check and press F7.

Raid Controllers

1. Enable the IDE Raid controller on the mobo if required.
2. Enable it in BIOS as required
3. Boot XP using the present set up - hard drives on the regular IDE controller.
4. Install the drivers for the IDE/RAID controller.

Now XP will recognize the controller and your ready to make any changes you may want to use the Ide/Raid controllers.

Random Words and Characters

In recent weeks, several XP users have posted messages to Internet discussion lists and newsgroups reporting that text is automatically appearing in Internet Explorer's address bar or in Outlook e-mail messages or Word documents as users compose them.

According to Microsoft, after installing Microsoft's Speech application programming interface, "random words or characters may be displayed in Office XP documents or in the Internet Explorer Address bar."

To resolve the problem, Microsoft said XP users should disable the Dictation and the Voice Command features on the operating system's Language bar. Alternately, users can turn off speech recognition completely from the Regional and Language Options tool on XP's Control Panel.

Merely unplugging or turning off the computer's microphone does not correct the random-character problem, according to several user reports.

Microsoft's Article about Random Characters in Office XP
Microsoft's Article on Configuring Speech Recognition in Windows XP
Microsoft's .NET Speech homepage

Read Only

You may be unable to remove the Read-Only attribute from a folder using Windows Explorer. In addition, some programs may display error messages when you try to save files to the folder.

This behavior occurs because the folder is customized. You can customize a folder by clicking Customize this folder on the View menu. Many programs also customize folders (for example, the Fonts folder comes with a customization as part of the standard system configuration).

Windows Explorer uses the Read-Only attribute to determine whether or not the folder is customized. To work around this behavior, you can configure Windows Explorer to use the System flag instead of the Read-Only flag. To do this, use the following steps.

NOTE : Some programs do not operate correctly with folders that have the System attribute configured. Start Registry Editor (Regedt32.exe). Locate the following registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Current Version\Explorer.  On the Edit menu, click Add Value and then add the following registry value:

Value Name: UseSystemForSystemFolders
Data Type: REG_DWORD
Value: 1
Quit Registry Editor.

You can find additional information about folder customization in the Platform Software Development Kit (SDK). Refer to the PathMakeSystemFolder function and the "Customizing Folders with Desktop.ini" shell basics chapter at the following Microsoft Web sites:

Unable to Remove Read-Only Flag from Folder

Reboot - Windows Boots without warning!

By default when WinXP encounters a system failure, it reboots without warning. The setting that controls this can be changed:

Control Panel/System/Advanced/Settings (Startup & Recovery)/System Failure/Uncheck-Automatically Restart.

You can use Event Viewer to view and manage the event logs, gather information about hardware and software problems, and monitor Windows security events.

To view the event log: Administrative Tools/Event Viewer or Start/Run/eventvwr.

To review Shutdown Event Tracker data, Open Event Viewer. Click System Log, scroll to the Event column, and find entries with the number 1075.

HOW TO: View and Manage Event Logs in Event Viewer in Windows XP;EN-US;q308427

And also:

Go to Start/Run/Msinfo32/Hardware Resources, Components/Problem Devices and Software Environment/Windows Error Reporting.

Go to Help and Support/Pick a Task (left side)/Use Tools to view.../(left pane)My Computer Information/(right pane) View the status of my system hardware and software/Hardware/Update and Troubleshooters.

How to Troubleshoot Hardware and Software Driver Problems;en-us;Q322205

Try running the DirectX Tool: Start/Run/Dxdiag, Lower Hardware Acceleration (Display/Settings/Advanced/Troubleshoot/Hardware Acceleration). Check System Info for problematic issues: Start/Run/Msinfo32/Hardware Resources and Components/Problem Devices and Software Environment/Windows Error Reporting.

Report Error's to Microsoft automatically

Start/Run/gpedit.msc/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/Error Reporting. Right click Report Errors/Properties. Check off Enable and then check off, Do not display links to any MS provided more information web sites. Apply, ok.

Recovery Console - To install the Recovery Console as a Start-up Option

1. With Windows running, insert the Setup CD into your CD-ROM drive.
2. Click Start and select Run.
3. Type the following where D: is the CD-ROM drive letter: D:\i386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons
4. Follow the instructions on the screen.

a. To run the Recovery Console, restart your computer and select the Recovery Console option from the list of available
    operating systems.
b. You must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the Administrators group in order to complete this procedure.
    If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may also prevent you from completing this procedure.
c. To see the commands available on the Recovery Console, type help at the at the console prompt.
d. If your computer will not start, you can run the Recovery Console from the Setup CD. See Related Topics for information
    on running the Recovery Console when your computer will not start.  Recovery Console in Windows XP

Recent Documents

1. Open Taskbar and Start menu/Start menu Tab/Customize/Advanced uncheck "List my most recently opened
2. Same place in "Start menu items" check "Favorite menu".  Or...

HOW TO: Display, Use, and Clear "My Recent Documents"

Prevent My Documents and Recent Documents (Line 50)

Clear Recent Documents (Line 170)

Restore My Documents (Line 55)

Restore Recent Documents (Line 55)

Prevent My Documents and Recent Documents (Line 50)

To use the Regedits: Save the REG File to your hard disk. Double click it and answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking on the file and selecting Edit.

Recording Button Missing <source unknown>

If you uninstalled and reinstalled Nero in XP, or did an upgrade from a previous OS to XP without uninstalling Nero first, this is a known error
(for both Adaptec and Nero). Let me know if it works! This problem is caused by an association created in the system registry between these specific
Adaptec driver files and the CD file system drivers for Windows 2000. If the Adaptec driver files are renamed or removed, then the system will loose
access to any CD drive (CD ROM, CD recorder, or DVD).

IMPORTANT: The following contains information about editing the registry. Before you edit the registry, make sure you understand how to restore it if
a problem occurs. For information about how to do this, view the "Restoring the Registry" Help topic in Regedit.exe or the "Restoring a Registry Key"
Help topic in Regedt32.exe.

1. Uninstall all CD Burning software from the system.
2. Go to the RUN line and type in Regedt32 and press Enter.
3. Go to the following registry locations and delete the key values for

UPPERFILTERS and LOWERFILTERS: (Do NOT delete the entire
4D36E965-E325-11CE-BBFC1-08002BE10318 key)

Or run this script:  <source known>




4. Close out of Regedt32.exe and reboot the computer.
5. You should have access to your CDROM drives after reboot.

Make sure you create a System Restore Point before you make changes to the registry.


1) Automated System Recovery capability in XP Pro BackUp:;EN-US;q302894

2) "system file checker" From a cmd prompt, run "sfc /scannow"

3) System Restore from Start Menu Programs, Accessories, System Tools

4) Recovery Console from F8 boot

5) CD boot upgrade, but select Repair. Preferences, apps & settings preserved

6) Driver Roll Back from Start Menu, Admin Tools, Device Manager

7) Password recovery from Start Menu, Control Panels, User Accounts: User, Prevent a forgotten password

Recovery Console

You can use Recovery Console to perform many tasks without starting Windows XP, including: starting and stopping services, reading and writing information on a local disk drive, and formatting drives. However, you must install Recovery Console while your computer is still functioning. The Recovery Console feature should be used only by advanced users. Before using Recovery Console, it is recommended that you back up your information on a tape drive, because your local hard disks might be reformatted—thus erased—as part of the recovery. You can also run Recovery Console from the Windows XP CD.

     To install Recovery Console as a Startup Option

Log on to Windows XP Professional as an administrator or as a user with administrator rights.
If your computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may prevent you from completing this procedure. Contact your network administrator for assistance. Insert the Windows XP Professional CD into your CD ROM drive. If you’re prompted to upgrade to Windows XP, click No.

From the command prompt—or from the Run command in the Start menu–type the path to the appropriate Winnt32.exe file (on your Windows XP Professional CD), followed by a space and /cmdcons to reference this switch. For example:
e:\1386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons.  Follow the instructions that appear.
     To run Recovery Console on a computer if Windows XP Professional does not start

Restart your computer, and then choose Windows Recovery Console from the list of operating systems. Follow the instructions that appear. Recovery Console displays a command prompt. Make the required changes to your system.

Back up your information regularly—using the Backup utility in Windows XP—to keep your archived data up–to–date.
It is also a good idea to backup important data and files before making any system changes, such as adding new hardware, updating drivers or firmware, and editing the registry. For more information about how to back up your data, see Help and Support Center. To see the commands available in Recovery Console, type “help” at the command prompt. To restart your computer, type “exit” to close the Recovery Console command prompt.

Description and Uses of Windows XP Recovery Console


Copy the "spcmdcon.sys" file from the temporary disk based fix to the c:\cmdcons directory, dated 10/5/2001 to the one dated 8/18/2001 from the temporary disk based fix to the c:\cmdcons directory. Then boot into the Recovery Console.

The Password Is Not Valid Error Message Appears When You Log On to Recovery Console in Windows XP;EN-US;q308402&

Boot into Safe Mode and Run "control userpasswords2", uncheck Users Must Enter a Password, and fill out the dialogue for administrator, with a blank password.

Click Start//Control Panel/Local Security Policy. Scroll to "Recovery Console: Allow automatic administrative logon." Change from Disabled to Enable.

More info:

HOW TO: Install and Use the Recovery Console in Windows XP;en-us;Q307654

Cannot Log On to Recovery Console After Running Sysprep in Windows XP;en-us;Q308402

Recovery Console Fix for XP SP1 (Line 58)

Boot from the XP Home boot Floppies, which you can make from this Microsoft Knowledge Base article:;EN-US;Q310994

It will accept a blank password after you boot from the floppies.

Recycle Bin - Deleting Problems

Most noted, this often happens if you use the SUBST command to create a virtual drive.  Meaning XP isn't installed on C.

IF you have a virtual drive. Do a SUBST DRIVER: /D
You should then be able to see the contents of you Recycle Bin

The optional quick fix is: Delete any file (just to make sure there's something in the bin).

Then, with the Recycle Bin CLOSED, right click the Recycle Bin desktop icon, select: Empty Recycle Bin, and when the Confirm File Delete dialog box comes up, click the OK button. Then reboot your system. After doing the above, any deleted files should now list correctly in the Recycle Bin.

Files Do Not Show Up in Recycle Bin When Deleted;en-us;168570

This seems to work for many: Make sure that something is in the Recycle Bin (delete any file). With the Recycle Bin closed, right click and choose: Empty Recycle Bin. When the confirm box appears, click ok. Reboot. Now the Recycle Bin should work correctly.

If the above didn't help:

Files not being listed in the Recycle Bin seem to be related to a corrupt info2 file. To correct the issue (Fat32):

Go to Start/Run and type in CMD:

Type CD \RECYCLED, and then press ENTER.
Type ATTRIB -r -s -h info2, and then press ENTER.
Type DEL INFO2, and then press ENTER.

NOTE: This deletes the damaged INFO2 file. Windows will recreate this file as needed, automatically.

You can often restore files even if it is not being listed in the Recycle Bin by searching (Start/Search) for the files by name, once found rename them. If the files still cannot be recovered, follow the steps above, then reboot. They should now be listed.

To see the files listed in the Recycled Folder

Go to Start/Run and type in:  CMD.  At the prompt type in:  cd\ [enter] then cd Recycled [enter] then dir [enter].
They will listed similar to this:  Dc25.url, Dc26.lnk, etc.  If Windows is installed on D:\, it will then be listed as Dd25, etc. The number represents the number of file deleted. 

A hidden folder is creating on each volume that has the recycle bin enabled named Recycled. Any deleted files are moved to this folder and renamed to: C<original drive letter><number file deleted>.<original extension> and the original full name and path stored in a mapping file Info2. For example the file name:  C:\\index.html would become Dc1.html (if it was the first file deleted on the partition).

When the Recycle Bin becomes full, Windows starts deleting files to make room for newly deleted files. These files are still recoverable until you 'empty' the Recycle Bin.

To Recover Files in NTFS:

Click Start, Run and enter %systemdrive%\Recycler.  Under this folder you'll see sub folders with names like:

One of these is your user's Recycle Bin folder, you'll have to determine which.  Then open a Command Prompt Window and type: Start/Run and type in: CMD

CD\Recycled\<name of the sub folder>
Next type DIR

Locate the files with the file extension that you wish to recover. There may be more than one of the same type. These files will all be DC??.xxx where ?? is a number and xxx is the file extension.

Use the COPY command to copy all of the matching files out. For example:  COPY *.DOC C:\Temp

to copy all DOC files to C:\Temp. Now you can open these files and find the one(s) that you wanted to retrieve.  Once you've retrieved all the files that you need, type the following command:  ATTRIB -S -H -R INFO2

INFO2 is a hidden file that holds the information on files in the Recycle Bin. This is the file that has been corrupted. Next type:  DEL INFO2

This removes the corrupted INFO2 file. Don't worry, it will be recreated automatically by Windows. Now, empty the Recycle Bin. The next time you delete a file, if not before, INFO2 will be recreated and your Recycle Bin will function normally.

Error Message while deleting:

If, while attempting to empty the recycle bin, you receive an odd error, you may have inadvertently opened a file or folder that has a share lock on a file or folder that you are attempting to delete. This usually occurs when attempting to browse your hard drive in Explorer. Close Explorer and then retry emptying the Recycle Bin.

Files Do Not Show Up in Recycle Bin When Deleted - NTFS

Permissions on the C:\Recycler directory may be too restrictive.

Administrators should have ownership of the Recycler directory. To take ownership of the directory, perform the following:
Log on as Administrator. Using Windows Explorer, locate the directory and select Properties/Ownership.

Use the option to Take Ownership of the directory. Restore default permissions to the directory with the permissions option.
Default permissions: Administrators Full Control, Creator/Owner Full Control, Everyone Change, System Full Control.


Right click on your recycle bin and make sure this box isn't checked checked that says "Do not move files to the recycle bin.  Remove files immediately when deleted."

Remove every reference to Recycled/Recycler (depending) and reboot.

Make sure that something is in the Recycle Bin (delete any file). With the Recycle Bin closed, right click and choose: Empty Recycle Bin. When the confirm box appears, click ok. Reboot. Now the Recycle Bin should work correctly.

The issue can occur if some program changes the Recycle Bin status such as Trash Guard/Shredder of McAfee. It should work normally after you empty the Recycle Bin.   

IF you have a virtual drive. Do a SUBST X: /D (where X is the letter assigned to the virtual drive).  You should then be able to see the contents of you Recycle Bin.

When deleted files are not showing up in the Recycle Bin at times the folder can also be missing under C:\Recycle Bin, if this is the case go to:  Start/Run/CMD and type in:  rd /s /q c:\recycled [reboot].  And/or run this edit:  Restore the Recycle Bin

Verify that NukeOnDelete is not set in the Registry by running this edit.  No Nuke On Delete

Running Spybot has cleared this issue for many users. 

Go to Start/Run/Regedit.  Edit/Find, in the Find what box type in:  {645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}.  The only reference to this CLSID should be for the Recycle Bin.  Many users have found up to 12 references to this key under different third party programs. 

Damaged Files in Recycled Folder

Go to Start/Run/CMD:

Type: cd.. enter cd.. enter then, Type: attrib -s -h recycled [enter], Type: del recycled [enter], Restart the computer.
Or go to Start/Run/CMD and type in: rd /s /q c:\recycled

Files Do Not Show Up in Recycle Bin When Deleted
Err Msg: Error Deleting File Cannot Delete INFO2...
The Recycle Bin on C:\ Is Corrupt or Invalid. Do You Want to Empty the Recycle Bin for this...
HOW TO: Bypass the Recycle Bin When You Delete Files and Folders in Windows XP

Replace/Repair the Recycle Bin (Line 64)

Recover and Restore Deleted Files (Line 36)

Rename the Recycle Bin (Line 115)

Change the Recycle Bin Icon (Line 158)

Add Empty Recycle Bin to the Right Click (Line 21)

Recycle Bin - Rename


Value Name: Attributes
Data Type: REG_BINARY (Binary Value)
Value Data: (70 01 00 20=enable, 40 01 00 20=default)

Set the value of "Attributes" in the appropriate key below to "70 01 00 20", you will then be able to rename and/or delete any special folders by right-clicking them.

Customizing Windows XP

Recycle Bin - Repair or Replace

Replace/Repair the Recycle Bin  This is a REG file. Save the file to your hard disk and double click it. Answer yes to the import prompt.  Right click on the Desktop and select Refresh. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking the file and selecting Edit.

Recycle Bin - Remove from Desktop

Remove the Recycle Bin (Line 115)

Note:  To remove, once the edit is installed, go to Windows Explorer, scroll down to the Recycle Bin, highlight, then go to File/Delete.  Refresh desktop.

Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT


Right click on the {647BD8C2-658B-4ECA-ABC7-FC5C0BF1704D} sub key and select Export (this way you can restore it if you want to). Next right click on the same key and select Delete. Go back to your desktop, right click and select Refresh. No more Recycle Bin.

Or use this registry edit:  Hide the Recycle Bin.

Red X

Pictures Are Not Displayed on Internet Web Sites;EN-US;q272306

Web Page Displays an Image As a Red X or Not at All;EN-US;q283807

Refresh Rate

Run the edits on line 157, 199, 204 and/or 317:


Value Name: UpdateMode, Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value), Value Data: default = 1. Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, named "UpdateMode" and set it to equal "0" for faster updates. Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Refresh Rates: The one CRITICAL flaw in Windows XP

Refresh Rates - Games (Refresh Rates: The one Critical flaw in Windows XP)

Microsoft Windows XP offers many great new features and innovations for both consumers and corporate users alike, but if you play computer games, you might want to think twice before purchasing XP to replace your Windows 98/ME operating system.  Windows XP suffers from huge limitations in the way it handles monitor refresh rates, and buying XP will increase monitor flicker and could severely hurt your eyes!

By default, Windows 98/ME always plays games at the highest refresh rate your monitor and video card can handle, and this offers the least flicker and the least eyestrain possible.  However, Windows XP plays games at much lower refresh rates.  In every resolution, all DirectX games in Windows XP run at only 75 Hz, and all OpenGL games in Windows XP run at only 60 Hz.  That's right, OpenGL based Quake III Arena will run at only 60 Hz in XP! 

Both of these refresh rate settings will give you much added eyestrain and a nasty headache after playing for a while.  This gaming refresh rate issue is such a HUGE and OBVIOUS problem, it makes you wonder how Microsoft can even ship an operating system with such a huge flaw.

Games however, are not the only area refresh rates are handled poorly in Windows XP.  When setting your 2D desktop refresh rate in "Display Properties," Microsoft got rid of the "Optimal" refresh rate setting in Windows XP.  In Windows 98/ME, Windows is automatically set at an "Optimal" refresh rate setting in "Display Properties," and Windows always uses the highest refresh rate possible at EVERY resolution on the 2D desktop. 

Now, since Windows XP only uses static refresh rate values instead of the "Optimal" setting in "Display Properties," every time you switch resolutions in XP, you have to manually change your refresh rate setting to the highest available to get the best display quality possible on the 2D desktop.  With an "Optimal" setting, users don't need to worry about refresh rates at all.

Also, no matter what people may tell you, this is NOT a driver issue.  These refresh rate problems happen with EVERY video card on the market, with all available drivers.  It happens on NVIDIA, ATI, S3, Matrox, 3dfx, and all other video cards.  Even with drivers designed for Windows XP, you will still experience these problems.

Furthermore, don't believe the myth that it's bad to run your monitor at high refresh rates, even if your monitor supports them. Running your monitor at high refresh rates, as long as your monitor can support them, will not damage or cause any added stress to your monitor.  I have confirmed this with multiple monitor manufactures. 

While most people can't consciously tell the difference between 85 Hz and higher refresh rates, running at higher refresh rates will still cause less eyestrain after you use your computer for an extended period of time, so it is best to run your monitor at the highest refresh rate possible.

Temporary solutions for now:  Click here and scroll down.

Regional Settings - Torgeir Bakken (MVP)

A combined batch/vbs solution creating a date variable in the
format 11-17-2004 regardless of the regional settings:

@echo off
echo D = Now : WScript.Echo Right(100+Month(D),2) ^& "-" ^& _ >%tmp%\today.vbs
echo Right(100+Day(D),2) ^& "-" ^& Year(D) >>%tmp%\today.vbs

for /f "tokens=1" %%a in (
       'cscript.exe //Nologo %tmp%\today.vbs') do set today=%%a

del %tmp%\today.vbs
echo Todays date: %today%

Third party:  Date 2 File or Directory

Registry - Disable Registry Editing Tools

Disable or Enable Registry Editing Tools (Line 213)

Repair the Registry Editor (Line 173)

Lift Restrictions from the Registry Editor (Line 275)



Value Name: DisableRegistryTools
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = allow regedit, 1 = disable regedit)

Create a new DWORD value named 'DisableRegistryTools' and set the value to '1' to disable registry editing functions.
Restart Windows for the change to take effect.

Save the file to the root of your C drive, naming it regfix.reg. Open a command prompt window (start, run, cmd.exe) and enter the following
command:  regedit -s c:\regfix.reg

Type in that command in hit the enter key. You should then be able to run regedit.

HOW TO: Back Up, Edit, and Restore the Registry in Windows XP;EN-US;322756

Registry - Default:  Revert a Single Registry Setting to its Default

This is useful, not only for defining settings for all new users on a system, but for obtaining the default for a particular setting that has been changed since the user account was created.

  • Say, the UserPreferencesMask value, located in HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop, has an incorrect setting.
  • Now, this is a binary value, and therefore its data is not necessarilly easy to interpret.
  • Instead of guessing at the correct setting, just go to HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop, obtain that value's default setting, and update the active value in HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop with the new data.

Registry Edits

Registry Edits and Tips for Windows XP

Registry Explained

Windows Registry Tutorial

Registry - Last State

     Tip:  This script stops Regedit from remembering the last key and instead opens regedit at the top "My Computer"
              folder. Create a shortcut on your desktop to this script and double-click on it to launch Regedit without the last key
              memory. Download Here.

     Tip:  After you start Regedit, press and hold down SHIFT+LEFT ARROW to collapse all the entries back to the My
              Computer entry.

     Tip:  Start/Run/Regedit
              In the right pane, for the value LastKey.

Double-click it and clear the string. Then right-click the Regedit key (in the left hand pane) and select Permissions. Set Permissions to Deny for any/all users/groups.  How to Prevent Regedit.exe from Using the Last State

Registry - Re-Initialize Your Registry Without Rebooting Windows

Some registry changes require you to restart Windows before they are enabled. A workaround in most cases is to go to the Task Manager, end process on Explorer.exe, with Task Manager still open, go to File/New Task and type in Explorere.exe.


Windows XP FAQ Q and R Page 2

Registry - Restore

Press F8 at boot up and you will se the option to load last good configuration (this restores the registry). If you have system restore on then you can restore system files just by booting into safe mode, right click My Computer and selecting properties, now select the restore tab.

HOW TO: Back Up, Edit, and Restore the Registry in Windows XP;EN-US;322756

Registry - Startup a Program Just Once then delete from the Registry

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Runonce. Data Type: REG_SZ. Value: path to the program.

     Tip:  Startup Programs Without the Startup Folder - Start/Run/Regedit
              HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run. Data Type: REG_SZ. Value: path
              to program.

Registered Owner and Organization

Go to Start/Run/Regedit and navigate to this key:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion

In the right pane, double click RegisteredOwner and change the Value data.

Or you can use these automated scripts:

Change Registered Owner and Organization (Line 7)

Change Computer Name (Line 109)

Change My Computer Name to User Name (Line 131)

Registry - Recovery

How to Recover from a Corrupted Registry

Registry Robot

RegistryRobot provides a safe interface to dozens of registry settings that cannot be changed through built-in Windows utilities. Only tweaks that relate to your operating system or Internet Explorer version are displayed; if it's not relevant, you never see it. The tweaks appear in a tree structure, organized by category, and include descriptive text so you know what the effect of each one will be. And if you don't like the result of a tweak, you can easily undo it.  For more information and download click here.

Regsvr32 (Special thanks to David Candy)

You can use the Regsvr32 tool (Regsvr32.exe) to register and un-register object linking and embedding (OLE) controls such as dynamic-link library (DLL) or ActiveX Controls (OCX) files that are self-registerable. This may be necessary to troubleshoot some issues with Windows, Microsoft Internet Explorer, or other programs.  Go to:  Start/Run

regsvr32 Shdocvw.dll          (restores registry settings for html and http)
regsvr32 Shell32.dll
regsvr32 Oleaut32.dll
regsvr32 Actxprxy.dll
regsvr32 Mshtml.dll
regsvr32 Urlmon.dll
regsvr32 msi.dll
regsvr32 Shdocvw.dll
regsvr32 Shell32.dll
regsvr32 Oleaut32.dll
regsvr32 Actxprxy.dll
regsvr32 Mshtml.dll
regsvr32 Urlmon.dll
regsvr32 /i shell32          (restores registry settings for drives, folders, and some others)
regsvr32 sendmail


This command-line tool registers .dll files as command components in the registry. For more information about changes to the functionality of MS-DOS commands, new command-line tools, command shell functionality, configuring the command prompt, and automating commmand-line tasks, see Command-line reference.

RegSvr32 - Graphical Interface

This program allows to register/unregister DLLs using RegSvr32 tool which is included with Windows. This program is very easy even for beginners. Additionally, it shows a way to find windows\system directory location properly. A handy utility that will help you avoid the inconvenience of running regsvr32 from the start menu all the time.


Windows XP Pro
Windows XP Parallel Install
Windows XP Pro Upgrade Install
Windows XP Pro Repair


Annoying message.  To resolve, search for this exe and delete it. hpsdpapp.exe

Remote Access to the Registry

How to Manage Remote Access to the Registry

Remote Assistance

Problem: Expert cannot take control.
Problem: Neither Expert nor Novice can send a file.

One solution:  Set Active Scripting in MSIE for the Internet zone to Enable or Prompt.
(Contributed by CZ)

Troubleshooting Remote Assistance in Windows XP
Troubleshooting the Remote Assistance Connection Process
Troubleshooting How to Enable Remote Assistance in Windows XP

Remote Assistance Issues

Remote Desktop

Get started using your computer remotely with Remote Desktop Remote Desktop: Get Started Using Your Computer Remotely
Enable your computer as the host for remote access Remote Desktop: Enable Your Computer as the Host
Install client software for remote access Remote Desktop: Install the Client Software
Start a Remote Desktop session Remote Desktop: Start a Session

Troubleshooting Remove Desktop Issues
Remote Desktop Web Connection

"Show Shadows Under Menus" Does Not Work in Remote Desktop Sessions
HOW TO: Make a Local Printer Available During a Connection to a Remote Desktop in Windows XP Professional

Desktop/Remote Assistance/Remote Networking

Overview of Remote Assistance in Windows XP

Description of the Remote Assistance Connection Process

The Features of the Remote Desktop Client in Windows XP

Remote Desktop Connection Client Does Not Start Properly

Provide Remote Assistance in Response to an E-mail Invit

Provide Remote Assist by Using Windows Messenger

Installing Remote Desktop Web Connection in Windows XP

How a Remote Desktop Connection Affects Windows XP Professional

HOW TO: Turn On Remote Desktop Automatic Logon

How to Disable Remote Desktop by Using Group Policy

Remote Installation

How the Remote Installation Boot Disk Works

Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Exploit - Updated!
Special thanks to MVP Doug Knox and Mike Kolitz

Windows shuts down after 60 seconds because the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) service terminated unexpectedly.


Go to Start/Run and type in: services.msc. Scroll down to Remote Procedure Call (RPC)/Recovery/First Failure/Restart the
Service.  Explained in more detail:  (Jupiter Jones MVP)

Click Start
Click Run
Type in: services.msc
The box that comes up has an alphabetical list of services.
Use the scroll bar on the right and go down to "Remote Procedure Call (RPC)"
Right click on it.
Click Properties.
Click Recovery tab
Click drop down by "First Failure"
Select "Restart the service"
Click OK.

Then download the script on line 1. (a) then the patch on line 1. (b) or follow the prompt within the script.  This script removes the W32.Blaster.Worm, W32.Blaster.B.Worm, W32.Blaster.C.Worm, W32.Blaster.D, W32.Blaster.E and W32.Blaster.F.

1 (a) and (b) is all that is needed to be done.  The rest provided below it, is just for informational purposes.

1.  a. Download this VB Script.  The script deletes the run key from the registry,  msblast.exe from the System32 folder,
         stops the process in the Task Manager, prompts for the patch download and/or verifies if the patch is already
     b. Install the 824146 patch.

*Tip:  Prevent Prompting for Hotfix KB823980
*Tip:  Correct the Cryptographic Service Error Message

Stop Here if the worm has been removed!

More Troubleshooting Information for combined worms:

Msconfig, Regedit or Task Manager can not be opened.  Emergency Msconfig, Regedit, Task Manager

Startup Programs Tracker - Processes .  This script reads the run keys, Shell and Running Processes to help identify which worm is present.

Worm Removal Scripts - msblast, randex, sobig

For the users who have disabled msblast, etc from msconfig before running the script, this script removes all bogus entries.
Remove Disabled Entries from Msconfig Startup or (Line 148)

Manual Removal Instructions for msblast:

1.  Rename msblast.exe in the System32 folder.  Stop the process in the Task Manager labeled msblast.exe.  Then go to Start/Run/Regedit and delete this entry:

"windows auto update"="msblast.exe"

2.  Error Message when trying to download the patch:  Setup could not verify the integrity of the file update.inf. Make sure
     the Crytographic service is running.  Correct the Cryptographic Service Error Message.


Go to Start/Run and type in:  regsvr32 wintrust.dll

If that doesn't help:  Go to Start/Run and type in CMD. At the command prompt, type the following commands, pressing ENTER after each line:

net stop cryptsvc
ren %systemroot%\system32\catroot2 oldcatroot2
net start cryptsvc

3.  What You Should Know About The Blaster Worm

     W32.Blaster.Worm - DCOM RPC - msblast.exe


4.  Right click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Remote. Uncheck both boxes.

5.  Security update for the RPC Buffer Overrun flaw:

6.  You may also need to activate a firewall, such as the one included with Windows XP in the interim to block the exploit
     on ports 135, 139, or 445.

7.  Worm.Win32.Autorooter

Remove Properties

Remove (Line 314), Restore (Line 207 or 203)


Remove Properties from My Computer.  This restriction remove the properties option from My Computer and hides the "System Properties" screen.


Value Name: NoPropertiesMyComputer
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = Properties, 1 = No Properties)

Remove Program From the Start Menu - Exclude a Program from the Start Menu

You can remove a program shortcut from the left side of the new Start menu (where XP shows you a number of most frequently used programs) by right clicking the shortcut and choosing Remove from This List, but you will notice that after some time (if you continue to use the program), it will reappear.

There is a way to ban programs from this part of the Start menu permanently:

Start the Registry Editor
Go to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Explorer\FileAssociation\

Right-click the String Value AddRemoveApps, and select Modify.  Add the name of the programs executable at the end of the Value data, make sure that the name is preceded by a semicolon (;).  When ready, press OK and close the registry editor.  Log off, or restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

Restore Most Frequently Used Program List (Line 133)

Note:  Personalized menus come into play whether you are running the Classic or Start Menu. Luna is oriented towards the start panel rather than the start menu
and does not implement personalized menus off the start panel. One thing you can do is start pinning stuff to the start panel to minimize the number of
times you have to go to the start menu. You'll also notice that your most frequently used stuff shows up on the start panel regardless.

Policy:Remove frequent programs list from the Start Menu
Description:Removes the frequently-used programs list from the Start menu. Registry Value:"NoStartMenuMFUprogramsList"

Policy Settings for the Start Menu in Windows XP;EN-US;q292504

Frequently Used Programs Not Automatically Added to Start Menu

Check your settings here: Start/Run/Regedit

Note: This setting only applies to the Windows XP Start Menu, not the
Classic Start Menu.



If you have this Value Name: NoStartMenuMFUprogramsList change the Value Data to 0 or delete the Value Name.

Another option would be to check the number of programs to be listed: Right click the Start button/Properties/Customize/Number of Programs...

The settings are also listed here: Start/Run/Regedit

Explorer\Advanced. In the right pane, check the Value Data under Start_MinMFU.

Rename Desktop (System) Icons

Rename Your Desktop (System) Icons

Repair and Re-Activation

Running Repair on Windows XP Requires User to Re-Activate XP

Repair The Windows XP Installation

Note: You will forfeit all MS Updates.

Configure your computer to start from the CD-ROM drive. For more information about how to do this, please refer to your computer's documentation or contact your computer manufacturer.

Insert your Windows XP compact disc (CD) into your CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive, and then restart your computer.

(You can also boot with a Windows 98/Me Startup disk with CD support and run WINNT.EXE in the I386 folder on the CD)

When the "Press any key to boot from CD" message is displayed on your screen, press a key to start your computer from the Windows XP CD.

When you see the following message displayed on the Welcome to Setup screen, press ENTER: To setup Windows XP now, press ENTER.

At this point an option to press R to enter the Recovery Console is displayed. Do not select this option.

On the Windows XP Licensing Agreement screen, press F8 to agree to the license agreement. Make sure that your current installation of Windows XP is selected in the box, and then press the R key to repair Windows XP. Follow the instructions on the screen to complete Setup.

Perform an In-Place Upgrade (Reinstallation) of Windows XP;en-us;Q315341

Report Errors to Microsoft Automatically

Start/Run/gpedit.msc/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/Error Reporting. Right click Report Errors/Properties. Check off Enable and then check off, Do not display links to any MS provided more information web sites. Apply, ok.

     Tip:  To Disable - Right Click the My Computer Icon/Properties/Advanced/Error Reporting/Disable
     Tip:  To bypass the BSOD altogether and enable the instant "Auto Reboot" feature:  Start/Run/Regedit

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\CrashControl.  Right click on "AutoReboot", modify and change the value to 1. Exit, reboot. To disable set the value back to 0.


1st QuickRes 1.6b
Lock Refresh Rates under Windows XP
Display Resolution and Color Depth Settings Apply to All Users

Restart - Multi-Boot Tool

Restart is a system utility for advanced users with more than one operating system installed on their machine. The program installs an icon in the notification area, and with a single click the computer will shutdown and restart with the selected operating system. The program also includes a command to shutdown the computer, and advanced settings for uncommon configurations.  Screen shot and download.

Restore - Backups from Win 95, Win98 or Win Me

Cannot Restore Backups That You Create in Win 95, Win 98, or Win Me with the Windows XP Ntbackup Tool

Restore - Startup Programs

Restore Startup Programs in Windows XP
A Description of the "Restore Startup Programs" Option That Is Used When You Upgrade to Windows XP


This restriction will not allow programs with the specified executable filename to run.

Start/Run/GPEDIT.MSC to set up user restrictions. These things can only be changed from Admin accounts and apply to all user profiles. GPEDIT.MSC is not available in the Home Edition of Windows XP.

     Restrict Users from Running Specific Applications


HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer.Value Name: DisallowRun
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer. Create a new DWORD value and name it "DisallowRun" set the value to "1" to enable application restrictions or "0" to allow all applications to run.

Then create a new sub-key called [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer\DisallowRun] and define the applications the are to be restricted. Creating a new string value for each application, named as consecutive numbers, and setting the value to the filename to be restriced (e.g. "regedit.exe"). Restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

      Restrict Applications Users Can Run

This restriction will only allow applications with the specified executable names to run.


HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer. Value Name: RestrictRun Open your registry and find the key [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer] Create a new DWORD value and name it "RestrictRun" set the value to "1" to enable application restrictions or "0" to allow all applications to run.

Then create a new sub-key called [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion \Policies\Explorer\RestrictRun] and define the applications that are allowed. Creating a new string value for each application, named as consecutive numbers, and setting the value to the filename to be allowed (e.g. "regedit.exe"). Restart Windows for the changes to take effect.

Note: If you are the person who applies Group Policy, do not apply this policy to yourself. If applied too broadly, this policy can prevent administrators from running Group Policy or the registry editors. As a result, once applied, you cannot change this policy except by reinstalling Windows.

Resource Settings

Unable to Change Resource Settings in Windows XP Device Manager

Right Click Context Menus - Deleting entries

Customizing Right-Click Menu Options in Windows

ContextEdit lets you control which items appear on your context menu (right-click) in Windows Explorer.

Add, Modify, Disable, Delete Context Menu Listings (Line 23)

Manual info:

Click Start, Run and enter REGEDIT Go to:


You can also go to a specific File extension (example: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.txt\ShellNew) and right click on the ShellNew key and select Delete, if the item shows up in the New context menu.

Expand the above branch and look through the sub-keys. Locate the one that corresponds to the entry you wish to remove and right click that sub-key and select Edit.

You may wish to right click the desired sub-key and select Export. This will create a REG file that you can double click to re-import the information, if you find out you deleted the wrong one, or want it back.

Right Click - Submenus

The new OpenExpert is the answer to this problem! Instead of messing around with a fixed association of a file type with only one application, it adds an "Open with" item to the context menu of the chosen file type with all the applications you decide.

Roaming Profiles - Disable


Local Computer Policy/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/User Profiles/Only Allow Local User Profiles.  Local Computer Policy/Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/System/User Profiles



HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Group Policy Objects\LocalMachine\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\System

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'DeleteRoamingCache' and edit the value according to the settings above.

Value Name: DeleteRoamingCache
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

If you enable both the "Prevent Roaming Profile changes from propagating to the server" setting and the "Only allow local user profiles" setting, roaming profiles are disabled.

     Delete Cached Copies of Roaming Profiles

If this setting is enabled, when users with roaming profiles log off, the system will delete the cached copy of their roaming profile. This will help to save disk space where that are lots of roaming users.  Start/Run/Regedit -  You may need to create the key if it does not already exist.

Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called 'DeleteRoamingCache' and edit the value according to the settings below.

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon

Value Name: DeleteRoamingCache
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.



Easy CD Creator 3.x and Windows XP FAQ

Easy CD Creator 4.x and Windows XP FAQ
Easy CD Creator 5.0x Basic and Windows XP FAQ
Easy CD Creator 5.0x Platinum and Windows XP FAQ

Roxio Products and Windows XP


OL2000: Errors in the Module Rtfhtml.dll

Run As

HOW TO: Enable and Use the "Run As" Command When Running Program

Run Command - Clear History

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\RunMRU. Delete the value corresponding to the command you want to remove, or remove all the entries to clear the list completely.

Run Command - Creating 'App Paths' in Windows XP

To create an application path, so you can run an application in Windows XP from the Run dialog box you need to:

1. Run regedit and go to HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths

2. Create a new key with the what ever you want to use as your run command: 
    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\App Paths\nameofprogram.exe

3. In the key folder that you created, create a new string, call it 'Path' and modify the value to point the specific folder of your
    executable your running:  C:\ProgramFiles\nameofprogram.

4. Use the default string and modify it's value to point to the executable you want to run.

Run Command Missing

Right click the Start button and select Properties, then Customize. Scroll down and put the check mark in the Show Run entry. If you're using the new Start panel, its on the Advanced tab.

Or check your settings here:  Start/Run/Regedit


Value Name: NoRun
Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value)
Value Data: (0 = disabled, 1 = enabled)

Note: It seems that under "XP Theme", not more than eleven (11) items can be displayed together at the right-hand column (with blue background), which at times, disables/removes the Run Command even with it being checked.

Run Command - Restore

When you click Start, Run and enter a path and folder name (example: C:\Windows), you may receive and error message.

The Registry branch for HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Folder is damaged or corrupted. Fix:  To use: Download the ZIP file and open it. Extract the REG file and double click it. Answer yes to the import prompt. REG files can be viewed in Notepad by right clicking them and selecting Edit.

Run Commands - XP Pro

     Tip:  For Pro - Start/Run/hh ntcmds.chm
             For Home - Start/Run/ %windir%\hh.exe ms-its:%windir%\Help\ntcmds.chm::/ntcmds.htm

     Tip: Run Command Creator (Line 326) Right hand side:

For Help:
For Tools:
For Tasks:

Command-line reference A-Z
New Command Line Tools
Help & Support Run Commands   

Here is my Win98 list, keep in mind, many also apply to XP.

Short list:

msconfig, msinfo32, gpedit.msc, dxdiag, regedit, control passwords2, control passwords, control folders, cleanmgr, clipbrd,
devmgmt.msc, services.msc, conf, %appdata%

Start/Run/CMD:  taskkill /?, tasklist /?, assoc /?, cs /?, fsutil, schtasks
Start/Run/CMD:  dir %windir%\system32\*.cpl, dir %windir%\system32\*.msc, dir %windir%\*.exe, dir %windir%\*.com,
dir %windir%\*.vbs, dir %windir%\*.js, dir %windir%\*.cmd, dir %windir%\*.bat

All of the rest are listed below with details.

For these go to Start/Run and type in for example:  control desktop

control desktop                          (Desktop Control Panel) control folders                         (Folder Settings)
control color                               (Desktop Appearance) control netware                       (Novell NetWare)
control date/time                         (Date/Time Control Panel) control telephony                     (Phone and Modem Options)
control international                     (Regional Settings) control admintools                   (Administrative Tools Folder)
control mouse                             (Mouse Control Panel) control schedtasks                   (Scheduled Tasks Folder)
control keyboard                        (Keyboard Control Panel) control netconnections             (Network and Dial-Up)
control printers                           (Printers Folder) control infrared                        (Infrared Control Panel)
control fonts                               (Fonts Folder) control userpasswords             (Users and Passwords)

Note:  You can use CONTROL.EXE applet.CPL OR RUNDLL32.EXE SHELL32.DLL,Control_RunDLL applet.CPL

Other options by example:  control Sysdm.cpl,System,1
Also, there's a couple of items controlled by just one .cpl, main.cpl. For these, make it say:

control main.cpl @X

Replace the @X with:
@0 for the mouse properties item;
@1 for the keyboard properties item;
@2 for the printers item;
@3 for the fonts item.

More listed here in a table.
TechTV List

Running Control Panel Applets Directly

Some applets provide more than configuration tab, e.g. SYSTEM applet comes with General, Device Manager, Hardware Profiles and Performance. These tabs can be accessed directly by adding options to the above given command line.

CONTROL.EXE applet.CPL,,1 where applet is the name of your chosen applet and the numbers 0..3 address the corresponding tabs (0-first tab, 1-second ...).

Subpage exceptions would be:  Fonts- main.cpl subpages (-3), Keyboard - main.cpl subpages (-1), Multimedia - mmsys.cpl subpages (-0), Printers - main.cpl subpages (-2),  Sounds- mmsys.cpl subpages (-1).

Example:  Rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL <cpl app>,<applet>,<page>

Control_RunDLL Case Sensitive.
<cpl app> Name of Control Panel applet to open.
<applet> If the applet contains multiple applets, such as the printer applet, this indicates which one to open. Numbering is zero-based preceded with "@".
<page> The one-based page or Tab within the applet to display.

System Wizard Run Commands

Open With (File Associations):
    rundll32.exe shell32.dll,OpenAs_RunDLL d:\path\filename.ext

Run Diskcopy Dialog:
    rundll32 diskcopy.dll,DiskCopyRunDll

Create New Shortcut Wizard:
    rundll32.exe AppWiz.Cpl,NewLinkHere %1

Install New Hardware Wizard:
    rundll32.exe sysdm.cpl,InstallDevice_RunDLL

Add Printer Wizard:
    rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL AddPrinter

Dial-up Networking Wizard
    rundll32.exe rnaui.dll,RnaWizard

Open a Scrap Document:
    rundll32.exe shscrap.dll,OpenScrap_RunDLL /r /x %1

Create a Briefcase:
    rundll32.exe syncui.dll,Briefcase_Create

View Printers:
    rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL PrintersFolder

View Fonts:
    rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL FontsFolder

Pick a Time Zone Dialog:
    rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL timedate.cpl,,/f

Logoff and Lock with proper icon: Download here.  Open the .zip, then copy and paste each file onto the Desktop. 

Tip:  Added notes for VB

Formatting a Floppy:   Shell ("Rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHFormatDrive")
Remove IE Branding:  Shell ("Rundll32.exe iedkcs32.dll,Clear")

Run Control Panel Programs - VB Code

Great Resource - Listings from A to Z - Rundll32 Reference Command Guide
Miscellaneous RunDLL32 Commands

Note:  Scroll up for regsvr32 commands.


Restore the Run Command (Line 57)

Clear Run Command History (Line 41)

Run Keys

A Definition of the Run Keys in the Windows XP Registry

Run History

Clear Recent File Lists - Includes the Run Menu (Line 41)

Clear Run History: Start/Run/Regedit

You can remove your history from here: Start/Run/Regedit
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs 

RunDLL32 Commands

Great Resource - Listings from A to Z
Rundll32 Reference Command Guide
Miscellaneous RunDLL32 Commands

Rundll32.exe - Unable To Locate Component

"Application Has Failed to Start Because Framedyn.dll Was Not Found" Error Message When You Open the System Properties Dialog Box

RunOnce and Run Registry Keys

Run and RunOnce registry keys cause programs to run each time that a user logs on. The data value for a key is a command line. Register programs to run by adding entries of the form description-string=commandline. You can write multiple entries under a key. If more than one program is registered under any particular key, the order in which those programs run is indeterminate.

Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows .NET Server registry includes the following four keys:


By default, the value of a RunOnce key is deleted before the command line is run. You can prefix a RunOnce value name with an exclamation point (!) to defer deletion of the value until after the command runs. Without the exclamation point prefix, if the RunOnce operation fails the associated program will not be asked to run the next time you start the computer.

By default, these keys are ignored when the computer is started in Safe Mode. Starting with Windows NT 4.0 SP3, the value name of RunOnce keys can be prefixed with an asterisk (*) to force the program to run even in Safe mode.

A program run from any of these keys should not write to the key during its execution because this will interfere with the execution of other programs registered under the key.

Applications should use the RunOnce or RunOnceServices keys only for transient conditions, such as to complete application setup. An application must not continually recreate entries under RunOnce or RunOnceServices because this will interfere with Windows Setup.

Run and RunOnce keys are run each time a new user logs in. RunServices and RunServicesOnce are run in the background when the logon dialog box first appears or at this stage of the boot process if there is no logon.

These keys are for background services such as remote registry service and are run only once per boot. The Setup key is run only by Setup's first-boot activities, or after you use the Add/Remove Programs Wizard. This key displays the progress dialog box as the keys are run one at a time. For the Setup key, the name of the value is the name that is displayed in the dialog box.

Running Services - Changing Priority

In the Task Manager, right-click on a process and change the priority.  Often, you can increase or decrease a process' priority using Task Manager.  This can be used to shorten the amount of time that it takes for an application to complete a task.  It can also be used to slow down a process, to keep it from maxing out your system's CPU. 

In Task Manager, click the Process tab to bring it to the forefront.  Then right click the process whose priority you would like to change, hold the mouse cursor over "Set Priority" to bring up the submenu of Realtime, High, Normal or Low. Some processes cannot have their priorities changed from the Task Manager, in which case you will be informed that "Access is denied."  In order to figure out which process represents a running application, right-click that application on the Applications tab in Task Manager, and choose "Go to Process."  


Using WinTasks 4 Standard you can easily modify the priority of any process, including hidden background processes not readily accessible.  WinTasks also lets you save the priority settings to a preset, so that you can easily restore the optimal settings for a specific task by a single click.

WinTasks™ 4 Standard helps home users get the most out of their computers. By terminating unnecessary programs and freeing up resources WinTasks helps you to optimize your system for a specific task. With built-in process descriptions, user friendly process names and an intuitive user interface, WinTasks Standard is an essential addition to any Windows user's toolbox.  More information here.


Process Idle Tasks

Windows XP includes some self-tuning features, the most important of which is its ability to optimize the layout of files on the system's disk using your own disk usage patterns as a guide. Windows XP tracks your usage patterns as you work, and then it schedules the optimization as a low-priority task. Windows XP queues this low-priority task (and others) and waits to execute them until the system isn't otherwise busy.

Scripting for MCSEs
Service Configuration
Strange Services Running
Optimize Windows XP

Running Tasks and Services

Start/Run/CMD then type in: tasklist -svc