Categories




Still have a problem? Ask for help at our discussion forum.
Search


Advanced Search
Article Options
Popular Articles
  1. Handwrite for MSN Messenger
  2. Win2000 Logon Screen
  3. The difference between 64 and 32 bit processors
  4. Windows XP FAQ T
  5. Windows XP FAQ P
No popular articles found.

 »  Home  »  General Articles  »  The History of Computers
The History of Computers
By  Super Admin  | Published  02/27/2005 | General Articles | Rating:
The History of Computers

While computers are now an important part of the lives of human beings, there was a time where computers did not exist. Knowing the history of computers and how much progression has been made can help you understand just how complicated and innovative the creation of computers really is.

Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that does not have one specific inventor. Throughout the development of the computer, many people have added their creations to the list required to make a computer work. Some of the inventions have been different types of computers, and some of them were parts required to allow computers to be developed further.

The Beginning

Perhaps the most significant date in the history of computers is the year 1936. It was in this year that the first "computer" was developed. It was created by Konrad Zuse and dubbed the Z1 Computer. This computer stands as the first as it was the first system to be fully programmable. There were devices prior to this, but none had the computing power that sets it apart from other electronics.

It wasn't until 1942 that any business saw profit and opportunity in computers. This first company was called ABC computers, owned and operated by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. Two years later, the Harvard Mark I computer was developed, furthering the science of computing.

Over the course of the next few years, inventors all over the world began to search more into the study of computers, and how to improve upon them. Those next ten years say the introduction of the transistor, which would become a vital part of the inner workings of the computer, the ENIAC 1 computer, as well as many other types of systems. The ENIAC 1 is perhaps one of the most interesting, as it required 20,000 vacuum tubes to operate. It was a massive machine, and started the revolution to build smaller and faster computers.

The age of computers was forever altered by the introduction of International Business Machines, or IBM, into the computing industry in 1953. This company, over the course of computer history, has been a major player in the development of new systems and servers for public and private use. This introduction brought about the first real signs of competition within computing history, which helped to spur faster and better development of computers. Their first contribution was the IBM 701 EDPM Computer.

A Programming Language Evolves

A year later, the first successful high level programming language was created. This was a programming language not written in 'assembly' or binary, which are considered very low level languages. FORTRAN was written so that more people could begin to program computers easily.

The year 1955, the Bank of America, coupled with Stanford Research Institute and General Electric, saw the creation of the first computers for use in banks. The MICR, or Magnetic Ink Character Recognition, coupled with the actual computer, the ERMA, was a breakthrough for the banking industry. It wasn't until 1959 that the pair of systems were put into use in actual banks.

During 1958, one of the most important breakthroughs in computer history occurred, the creation of the integrated circuit. This device, also known as the chip, is one of the base requirements for modern computer systems. On every motherboard and card within a computer system, are many chips that contain information on what the boards and cards do. Without these chips, the systems as we know them today cannot function.

Gaming, Mice, & the Internet

For many computer users now, games are a vital part of the computing experience. 1962 saw the creation of the first computer game, which was created by Steve Russel and MIT, which was dubbed Spacewar.

The mouse, one of the most basic components of modern computers, was created in 1964 by Douglass Engelbart. It obtained its name from the "tail" leading out of the device.

One of the most important aspects of computers today was invented in 1969. ARPA net was the original Internet, which provided the foundation for the Internet that we know today. This development would result in the evolution of knowledge and business across the entire planet.

    It wasn't until 1970 that Intel entered the scene with the first dynamic RAM chip, which resulted in an explosion of computer science innovation.
On the heels of the RAM chip was the first microprocessor, which was also designed by Intel. These two components, in addition to the chip developed in 1958, would number among the core components of modern computers.
 


A year later, the floppy disk was created, gaining its name from the flexibility of the storage unit. This was the first step in allowing most people to transfer bits of data between unconnected computers.

The first networking card was created in 1973, allowing data transfer between connected computers. This is similar to the Internet, but allows for the computers to connect without use of the Internet.

Household PC's Emerge

The next three years were very important for computers. This is when companies began to develop systems for the average consumer. The Scelbi, Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, Apple I and II, TRS-80, and the Commodore Pet computers were the forerunners in this area. While expensive, these machines started the trend for computers within common households.

One of the most major breathroughs in computer software occurred in 1978 with the release of the VisiCalc Spreadsheet program. All development costs were paid for within a two week period of time, which makes this one of the most successful programs in computer history.

1979 was perhaps one of the most important years for the home computer user. This is the year that WordStar, the first word processing program, was released to the public for sale. This drastically altered the usefulness of computers for the everyday user.

The IBM Home computer quickly helped revolutionize the consumer market in 1981, as it was affordable for home owners and standard consumers. 1981 also saw the the mega-giant Microsoft enter the scene with the MS-DOS operating system. This operating system utterly changed computing forever, as it was easy enough for everyone to learn.

The Competition Begins : Apple vs. Microsoft

Computers saw yet another vital change during the year of 1983. The Apple Lisa computer was the first with a graphical user interface, or a GUI. Most modern programs contain a GUI, which allows them to be easy to use and pleasing for the eyes. This marked the beginning of the out dating of most text based only programs.

Beyond this point in computer history, many changes and alterations have occurred, from the Apple-Microsoft wars, to the developing of microcomputers and a variety of computer breakthroughs that have become an accepted part of our daily lives. Without the initial first steps of computer history, none of this would have been possible.

How would you rate the quality of this article?
1 2 3 4 5
Poor Excellent
Tell us why you rated this way (optional):

Send to Author Post on Site

Comments
  • Comment #1 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    i never knew the exact history of the computers until i read this.....now i am pretty confident abt how the coputers evolved..gud work to the one who prepared this article...simple yet so informative.thanx a lot
     
  • Comment #2 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Please add more topic regarding to the history of computers..
     
  • Comment #3 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    this article lists only the developments made in USA
     
  • Comment #4 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    You need more postings of the history of the computer.
     
  • Comment #5 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Ok but needs to more informitive.
     
  • Comment #6 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    you didnt say who invented the first sucessful computer
     
  • Comment #7 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    i would like to know more but the article was really good, sincerely sir frank444
     
  • Comment #8 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    because it wasnt very detailed
     
  • Comment #9 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    I think that there isn't enough personality in it it's just boring.
     
  • Comment #10 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    because i found all the info. that i want.
     
  • Comment #11 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    It Tell's You All You Need To Know
     
  • Comment #12 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    i needed to know about computer history and this actually told everything i needed to know for my school project.
     
  • Comment #13 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    th talking voice is boring
     
  • Comment #14 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    I rated you guys a 1 poorly because it doesn't say who invented the first computer software
     
  • Comment #15 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    ignore number 9 it was great i'll use it as a source in my school report but it wasn't perfect because like number 6 said it needed the inventor. thanks for writing it though
     
  • Comment #16 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    it is not informative
     
  • Comment #17 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Because it have all the information with the necessary details
     
  • Comment #18 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    because computers make my head hurt and are boring
     
  • Comment #19 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    because it sucks!!!
     
  • Comment #20 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    cos i just enjoyed reading it
     
  • Comment #21 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    because it needs to be more detail... some of young people cant understand....
     
  • Comment #22 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    its retarded
     
  • Comment #23 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    this article is good but it's not that good it really doesn't give much information and it gets confusing because they just talk about the dates when everything was invented and the articel is way too long.
     
  • Comment #24 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Interesting but should of continued the evolution of computers till today!!!
     
  • Comment #25 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Because you included the name of the great Bulgarian John Atanasov
     
  • Comment #26 (Posted by Tzanislav Filipov)
    Rating
    You should have said more about the Bulgarian John Atanasoff. He is the one who invented the first computer.
     
  • Comment #27 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    it is boring
     
  • Comment #28 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Because I want to know who made computer.
     
  • Comment #29 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    It does'nt gothrough the topic we want know but still it has an idea. Thanks for the lesson!!!!!!!!!!1
     
  • Comment #30 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    It didnt anwser my question about the year when the home computer with graphical user interface invented?
     
  • Comment #31 (Posted by Sarah)
    Rating
    Apparently the person below me doesn't know how to spell lol. But doing a report in my high school class and it was hard to find any info since this article was so dull.
     
  • Comment #32 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    perfect for my research paper
     
  • Comment #33 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    its the best
     
  • Comment #34 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    very poor article
     
  • Comment #35 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    this web site has no good info
     
  • Comment #36 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    You even need to tell about THE FIrst Computer which is abacus and next like Napier Bones
     
  • Comment #37 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    omg this page is not supposed to be exciting it is an informational page.
     
  • Comment #38 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    this is one of the best articles I ever read I like the way you explained it you go by year to year evertime there was a breakthrough in technology for the computers I am now using it for my report thank you
     
  • Comment #39 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    is kind of boring they didnt really put any excitement to it. So i think they need to re-type it and make it more excitement.
     
  • Comment #40 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    wow!!!!this article is so bomb...i like how you guys wrote it coz you went year by year...its really awesome...i difinitely going to use this for my report...tnx!!
     
  • Comment #41 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    that is really a great article thank u a lot about this wonderful research
     
  • Comment #42 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    obrigado
     
  • Comment #43 (Posted by bear)
    Rating
    awesome
     
  • Comment #44 (Posted by bear)
    Rating
    #22 has no life so does # 60
     
  • Comment #45 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    it is very easy to understand and helpful for my child's project
     
  • Comment #46 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    it Sucked!
     
  • Comment #47 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    perfect.
     
  • Comment #48 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    becuse i am smart to know stuff oh ok
     
  • Comment #49 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    the first person who created the first computer was charles babbage
     
  • Comment #50 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    people who read this have no life
     
  • Comment #51 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    this is very very good site for students to do research on. Students find it frustrating especially if they do not know how to research properly to get the correct information.
     
  • Comment #52 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    good start ... should be refined more and more from time to time, presuming it's for the novice
     
  • Comment #53 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    bbbooorrriiinnnggg
     
  • Comment #54 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    hay what about the abucks
     
  • Comment #55 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    5
     
  • Comment #56 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    because its dated in years and it yousfull for my ict homwork for school
     
  • Comment #57 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    y won't this thing submit ANYTHING!!!
     
  • Comment #58 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    This Article is written well enough, but it is incomplete. There is no mention of UNIVAC or the Difference Engine. No mention of Charles Babbage, Alan Turing, or that it was Xerox that Developed the Graphical User Interface (GUI) that Apples' Lisa was based on.
     
  • Comment #59 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Thank u
     
  • Comment #60 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    nice article..
     
  • Comment #61 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Nobody invented the first successful computer it evolved ever time.
     
  • Comment #62 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    it is retarded
     
  • Comment #63 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    it was good
     
  • Comment #64 (Posted by biaca)
    Rating
    I dint like this SUPER BORINGGG......!!!!!!!!!!!11
     
  • Comment #65 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    nerds
     
  • Comment #66 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    it was amazing
     
  • Comment #67 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    i hate this computers are boring i dont know how u people do this its to hard for sometime i feel dislexict io dont even know i f i spelled that right u see what i mean like come on now im a black person who acts like a blonde people gave me a nick name u wanna know what it is its blonde
     
  • Comment #68 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    WEll this was okay but it need to be more undersandable for kids. and as my teacher would say to much icing but not enough cake. which means you put to much i could care less and need more wow that really important i should put that in my report
     
  • Comment #69 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    It was confusing to the younger people who have to read it for school but I thought the author did a great job.
     
  • Comment #70 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    cause there iss to much to read
     
  • Comment #71 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    This was one of the MANY things i had to do for homework. I had to do this for my tech. ed. homework and it was really boring but this page was the best! :D GREAT JOB to whoever posted and made this page! :) Peace, love <3, Happieness :), SWIM!!! :D ~swimmer~
     
  • Comment #72 (Posted by your mom)
    Rating
    really boring cuz it sucks
     
  • Comment #73 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    BORING
     
  • Comment #74 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    it was boring
     
  • Comment #75 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    this is stupid
     
  • Comment #76 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    kool
     
  • Comment #77 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    boringggggggggggggggg
     
  • Comment #78 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    ihateit
     
  • Comment #79 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    not nought information
     
  • Comment #80 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    badest thing i have ever read in my life
     
  • Comment #81 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    because who really cares bout the history of computers
     
  • Comment #82 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    this is so boring
     
  • Comment #83 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    I found what I needed pretty fast. It took a minute to find it but it was faster than Wikipedia!
     
  • Comment #84 (Posted by ru mom)
    Rating
    because it sucks
     
  • Comment #85 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    no use
     
  • Comment #86 (Posted by an unknown user)
    Rating
    Because of the excellent literature used in this.I had really not read a piece of information about computers.This actually gave me a vast knowledge in a very small pack but please try to enter more information so that a large mass can read it. THANK YOU...
     
Submit Comment